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When you think there's an electrical issue with your lights and appliances, it may not actually be an issue with the devices. Perfectly fine devices can seem to be malfunctioning because of faulty wiring. While you may upgrade the devices in your home, the wiring stays the same. If the wiring in your home is over forty years old, then it may be time to upgrade your home's wiring. Whether its aluminum wiring used from the 60s through the 70s, or the non-metallic wiring used in homes from the 40s to the 50s, they are all well known safety hazards. Another safety hazard includes two-pronged ungrounded outlets. Without proper grounding, any surges of electricity will have nowhere else to go except for into your devices. Waiting to upgrade your wiring is a risk; bad wiring is the leading cause for house fires. Upgrading your wiring also goes beyond safety; it also increases the functionality of your home. Having an up to date home is important for keeping up with today's always expanding technology. With up to date phone, cable, and internet lines, you won't be left behind.


Signs that you need to upgrade your wiring:

  • Circuit breakers are tripping
  • Blown or burned fuses
  • Extension cords being used to compensate for the lack of power outlets
  • Rodents chewing on wiring
  • Audible noises from your circuit breaker such as popping, crackling, and buzzing
  • You can smell or see burning of the wiring or electrical panel

Hanging Christmas lights can seem like difficult task to complete. However if you follow this guide step by step it can be accomplished by anyone,
regardless of experience.



Step One - Measure Your Home

Begin by examining your roofline and anywhere else you may want to attach lights to. Common locations include the roofline, window frames, door frame and
pillars. Measuring them will tell you how many lights, and the correct length that is required.




Step Two - Determining the Right Light Clips

The clips that you will be attaching your lights to come in many varieties, depending on the surface they will be attached to. They are designed for
surfaces such as shingles, gutters, roof-tile, brick, glass.





Step Three - Installing the Clips and Socket Wire

With a sturdy ladder you will need to apply the light clips to the surface area of the installation. Make sure they are steady before attatching the
wiring. When you are ready to install the lights to the wire be sure to start near where the outlet is located.





Step Four - Light it Up!

After everything the fastened together, screw in the bulbs and plug it in! Be sure to attach a timer to the outlet, as so they won't be on in the daytime and very late night.



LED bulbs – The future of lighting

How do they compare.

LED light bulbs offer many advantages compared to older bulbs such as fluorescents and incandescent bulbs. Today’s LED bulbs are 100 percent efficient at turning electric energy into light. In comparison, compact fluorescents are 50 percent efficient, and incandescents are only 15 percent efficient.

In terms of lifespan, LEDs typically last around 2-5 times longer than fluorescents and up to 25 times longer than incandescents. Along with reducing the frequency of changing your bulbs, it is also better for the environment, as they do not contain toxic mercury, which is found in compact fluorescents. LED bulbs do not flicker, and are not affected by extremely hot or cold temperatures. They are also dimmable and produce high quality ultra-violet free light.

LED BulbHow do they work?

Today’s LED bulbs use solid-state lighting technology, meaning they emit light from solid matter, instead of a vacuum like incandescents or the gas from compact fluorescents.

Using a semiconductor produced from positive and negative charged components, an LED emits light by transferring electrons around its structure. The positive layer has holes for electrons and the negative layer has free electrons which float. When electric energy is used to transfer the electrons from the negative to positive components, they emit light as they circulate into the positive charged holes.

 How will they impact the future?

  • In 2012 LED bubs were only 12% of the lighting market, but that number has grown to 25% in 2014, and is projected to be 80% of the market by 2020.
  • The U.S. Department of Energy estimated that widespread conversion to LED bulbs by 2025 will reduce lighting electricity demands by 62 percent, removing over 258 million metric tons of carbon emissions.
  • Global sales of all types of LEDs are expected to almost double from about $3.6 billion in 2013 to more than $7 billion in 2016.


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Circuit breakers arCircuit Breakermalfunctione designed to disconnect in the case of an overload or short. In many cases we get call from people stating that they have checked the breakers and didn’t see anything disconnected. The problem is that most brands of circuit breakers don’t move much when they are not working. In order to know for sure you need to check each one by either carefully move the breaker toward the “off” position. In many cases if the breaker is not working, it will move easily to the middle or off position

Breaker panels should not buzz. If you have heard your’s make a buzzing sound please call for an Electrical Inspection.

A breaker that trips immediately after it’s reset is telling you that there’s an electrical problem. Call us.

When working with electricity, safety is always the most important concern. Before starting any work, it is imperative that you make sure you are absolutely qualified to make the repairs you are planning. If there is any doubt, you should contact a professional electrician.

If you do have a project which you find you are qualified to undertake, you should make sure to always turn off the power to the circuit you want to work on by switching the circuit breaker to OFF in your main panel. The floor you are standing on should not be damp. Do not touch plumbing or gas piping. Be sure to test wires before you touch them to make sure the power has been turned off. It is important that you understand your system and electrical safety procedures before you start.

You may also need a permit. If you are doing the work yourself, you must purchase the permit and have the city inspector inspect your work. Projects which do not require a permit are replacing existing receptacles, replacing or changing a light fixture, or installing a phone or coax cable for cable television. You will need a permit for most other jobs, like adding or extending circuits, new wiring, installing a new panel, installing a new receptacle or light fixture in a location that did not have one previously, and restoring electrical service. Permits are necessary – you could be subject to civil penalties if you do not obtain the required permits and inspections. It is a way to protect your investment because these inspections prevent home fires. It is estimated that $450 million a year in property damage results from fires caused by faulty electrical wiring. Check with your local building department to find out if you need to acquire a permit.

If you have a shadow of a doubt, err on the safe side. B&G Electrical is a licensed professional electrical contractor and can help you with the largest or the smallest jobs. Just call!

Phone: (904) 620-0081

Toll Free: (800) 965-0081

Fax: (904) 620-9815

LED and fluorescent (specifically CFL) lighting are two alternatives to the common incandescent light bulb. Incandescent light uses a lot of energy, and thus costs more, so LED or fluorescent lights are a better, more energy-efficient option.




Compact Fluorescent Light (CFL) bulbs are about four times more efficient than the average incandescent light bulb. They cost more, but the amount of energy and money they save make up for CFCit. Not only that, the lifespan of a CFL can range from 6,000 to 15,000 hours, 6-15 times longer than an incandescent. Theyproduce light by using electricity to excite mercury vapor. Because fluorescent lights contain mercury, they can be a hazard and cannot simply be thrown away. They can be dangerous when broken. Frequently turning a CFL on and off can diminish it’s long lifespan. It is recommended to wait for least 15 minutes after turning the light one before turning it back off. It’s good for places were light is in frequently used, like a closet. Low temperatures and reduce the power of a CFL. Later in a CFL bulb’s life, the light will not be as powerful as it once was.


Light Emitting Diodes (LED) lights are more efficient than both incandescent and fluorescent lights. LED lights can last about 10 times longer than a fluorescent light. Although it Ledcosts a lot compared to fluorescent or incandescent lights, it’s much more cost effective than them and can save a lot in the long run.

LEDs don’t produce much heat, so don’t contribute to heating a room up, which helps with A/C costs. They’re mercury free and are very durable, not even breaking where an incandescent or fluorescent would.

Both these light types don’t just come in the form of household bulbs, though. For example, those tube ceiling lights are usually fluorescent and street lamps can use LED lighting.

B & G Electric can install these and more, so give us a call.

Phone: (904) 620-0081
Toll Free: (800) 965-0081
Fax: (904) 620-9815

There’s a very simple way to figure out how much energy your home appliances are using. I’m not a math genius, and I can accurately determine how much energy each appliance in my home is using.

The formula is:

(Wattage × Hours Used Per Day ÷ 1000 = Daily Kilowatt-hour (kWh) consumption(1 kilowatt (kW) = 1,000 Watts)

Determine the annual energy consumption by estimating how many days per year you use the appliance. Then, you can figure the annual cost by multiplying the kWh by using your local utility’s kWh rate.

Here’s an example of something you may use frequently – a personal computer and monitor.

(120 + 150 Watts × 4 hours/day × 365 days/year) ÷ 1000 = 394 kWh × 8.5 cents/kWh = $33.51/year

Adjust the numbers to what you use. If you don’t know the exact figures, make an estimate.

Many appliances have the wattage stamped somewhere on the unit itself. It may be on a metal plate along with the manufacturer’s serial number. If you can’t find the wattage, you may find the amount of amps the unit consumes. If you find the amp consumption, multiply it by the voltage used by the appliance. For most household items, it’s 120 volts.


your electric stove and dryer are usually rated at 240 volts.

Beware of a condition known as “phantom load.” This is when appliances continue to use electricity even when they’re turned off. Some common examples are your VCR, TV, stereo, computer, and many kitchen appliances.

You can prevent phantom load by either unplugging the appliance from the wall socket, or you can plug it into a power strip.

Turn off the power strip when you’re done using the appliance. This will save some money on your energy bill every year.

Here’s some typical wattage ratings for common household appliances:

Coffee maker = 900–1200

Clothes washer = 350–500

Clothes dryer = 1800–5000

Dishwasher = 1200–2400 (using the drying feature greatly increases energy consumption)

Clothes iron = 1000–1800

Microwave oven = 750–1100

Radio (stereo) = 70–400

Refrigerator (frost-free, 16 cubic feet) = 725

Televisions (color)

o 19″ = 65–110

o 27″ = 113

o 36″ = 133

o 53″-61″ Projection = 170

o Flat screen = 120

VCR/DVD = 17–21 / 20–25

Vacuum cleaner = 1000–1440

Water heater (40 gallon) = 4500–5500

Now that you know how to calculate energy consumption of common appliances in your home, it’s easier to figure out which ones you want to keep turned off as much as possible to save energy.

overcharge is an An excessive load in an electric component. It occurs when the magnitude of the voltage exceeds the preset the nominal value. Commonly these surges are caused by excess consumption in the electrical installation.

Due to the electric current going through the air, the air is heated to 48,632 F°, (27,000 C°). The heated air is compressed from 10 to 100 times the normal atmospheric pressure, this causes the air to expand very fast which producing a shock wave of compressed particles in every direction, like an explosion, the rapidly expanding waves of compressed air creates a sonic bang. A couple of bangs one after the other is what we call thunder.

As a homeowner, you should be familiar with the location of your circuit breaker panel. In most homes, the circuit breaker box is located in the laundry area or basement. Sometimes the circuit breaker box is located on the outside of the home.

In larger homes, there may be multiple circuit breaker panels, including the main panel and additional sub-panels. The circuit breaker panel box is usually gray in color and is mounted on a wall. If you open the panel doors, you will see several different circuit breakers. Each of these breakers controls the power input and output of each appliance in your home. The main breaker controls power to the entire home, and will shut off power to the entire home.

A circuit breaker box houses the main and individual circuits for appliances in your home. Circuits serve to protect the home in

the case of current overload. If an overload of power occurs, because of faulty electrical wiring or a multitude of other reasons, the brea

ker will trip causing power to be shut off, either to individual appliances or to the entire house.

Most homeowners have experienced a tripped circuit breaker at one time or another. If you are unable to get power to a particular appliance, chances are the breaker was tripped. Because this is common, especially in older homes, it is important to label each circuit in the circuit breaker panel. To label the circuits, you can check by switching off each circuit to determine what power source each is linked to. Labeling each circuit in the circuit breaker box can make it much easier and less frustrating in the future.

  • Longer Lifespan

It is much more long-lasting than other types of lighting! The typical lifetime of a high-power white LED can be from about 35,000 to 50,000 or more hours. Outdoor LEDs are made with longer lifetimes and can last from 100,000 to 150,000 hours. 'Lifetime' actually refers to when the brightness drops under around 70%, as LEDs tend to gradually decrease in brightness as opposed to incandescents that stop working when the filament breaks. Because LEDs last longer, they require little maintenance.

  • Energy Efficient

Most of the energy LED lighting uses is converted to light, while the rest is converted to heat. Compared to other means of lighting, such as incandescentS, LEDs are around 80%-90% more energy efficient. This means an incandescent wastes more energy to heat a room than light it, while LEDs use most energy to light, which saves money on energy costs. This also means that compared to other lighting, LEDs produce less heat, which helps HVAC systems become more efficient as well. More well-designed and energy efficient LED lights are ENERGY STAR-qualified.

  • Durable

LEDs are not made of glass, and will not break like an incandescent bulb would. They are designed to handle rough conditions, and are ideal for outdoor use. They are resistant to impacts and shocks and can handle exposure to things like weather or dust from construction.

LEDs can be used in extremely hot or cold temperatures. The LED's operation is not affected by extreme cold, unlike fluorescents that do not operate as well in cold temperatures.

  • Ecologically Safe

LED energy efficiency and longer lifespan means it's better for the environment. It also doesn't contain any hazardous materials, such as the mercury found in fluorescent lights. Because of this, fluorescents require special disposal, while LED lights are 100% recyclable.

  • Light

The light of LEDs contain almost no UV emissions and little infrared light. This means it can be used to light sensitive material or objects that cannot have UV emissions around, such as paintings in an art museum. LEDs are preferred when it comes to heat-sensitive material as well, as it produces next to no heat.

The light of LEDs do not waste energy shedding light where it does not need to go, as they are made to give off light in a specific direction. This not only adds to its efficiency, but reduces light pollution as well!

  • Frequent Use

Other kinds of lighting suffer a loss of light emission or a decrease in their lifespan from frequent light switching. LEDs do not suffer any loss from being switched on and off frequently.

LED lights also immediately light up when turned on, while other types would take a couple seconds to reach full brightness. Traffic lights benefit from LEDs because they light up right away.